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NIFDI Offers Bibliography on DI Research

The National Institute for Direct Instruction’s (NIFDI) Office of Research recently compiled an extensive bibliography on Direct Instruction’s research that are organized by the type of research design used and by publication year, with entries ranging from the early 1970s to studies as recent as 2011. Many of these works are also included in NIFDI’s online searchable research database. The bibliography is available here.

The document has five major sections. The first section lists the DI programs that have been developed over the years, with separate sections for different subjects. Sections II, III, and IV focus on studies of DI’s effectiveness, categorizing the studies by the type of research design and curricular focus. Section II lists 44 studies that utilized randomized control designs, while Section III lists 301 studies that used quasi-experimental and other designs. Section IV lists the studies noted in Sections I and II by year of publication, beginning with the most recent. Studies that have been abstracted in NIFDI’s on-line searchable research base are indicated by an asterisk in this section. Section V lists a wide variety of other works related to Direct Instruction, including studies that were instrumental in the development of the programs.

This compilation of citations will be regularly updated. Because the body of research related to Direct Instruction is so large, some studies may not have been included. Researchers who know of other studies that should be added, including unpublished manuscripts such as dissertations and thesis projects, are asked to send their ideas to the NIFDI research office at .

Implementing Direct Instruction Successfully: An Online Tutorial

When implemented fully, Direct Instruction (DI) is unparalleled in its ability to improve student performance and enhance students’ self-esteem. In order to implement DI effectively, much more is required than simply purchasing instructional materials. The following two-part tutorial guides administrators, teachers and coaches through the key features of a successful DI implementation. Part I provides an overview of the steps schools need to take in preparation for a DI implementation before school starts while Part II provides an overview of the steps schools need to take after school has started.

rating starIMPORTANT: This tutorial is an intensive video series comprised of 18 segments, each followed by a series of questions. Users should allow approximately three hours to watch the videos and complete the questions. NIFDI recognizes the high demand for time placed on school officials and, for this reason, has structured the tutorial so users may stop at anytime and later resume where they left off.


Have a slow connection? You can view the quiz portion (no videos) of the tutorial here. To get a copy of the videos on disk to use with this method, please contact us at 877.485.1973 or .

New to Direct Instruction? Watch the Introduction to Direct Instruction Video Series before taking the online tutorial.

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