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Effects of two instructional paces on pre-K children’s participation rate, accuracy, and off-task behavior in the Language for Learning program

Tincani, M.; Ernsbarger, S.; Harrison, T.; Heward, W.
Abstract:
This study compared the effect of the Language for Learning (LL) program when delivered at a slow-pace and the recommended fast-pace. The study specifically sought to compare the effect of the two approaches on the response opportunities, participation, participation accuracy, and off-task behavior of the four preschool students. All four were typically developing African American students at-risk for academic failure. Two teachers participated in the study with each utilizing a slow- and fast paced teaching technique with their groups. Each group consisted of two study participants and two students from the regular classrooms, whose data was not included in the study. Results indicated that fast-paced instruction increased teacher-presented response opportunities, participants’ rate of responding, and rate of correct responding. On average, students recorded 6.7 responses per minute during fast-paced instruction and 2.9 responses per minute during slow-paced instruction. When receiving fast-paced instruction students averaged 5.4 correct responses per minute, but only 2.1 correct responses during slow-paced instruction. Additionally, there was a lower occurrence of off-task behavior when students received fast-paced instruction.(Copyright © 2011, National Institute for Direct Instruction (NIFDI). All rights reserved).
Research areas:
Year:
2005
Main publication type:
Program Effectiveness
Subtype:
Article
Keywords:
Language for Learning; Language 4 Lrnng; oral language; fast-paced instruction; slow-paced instruction; pacing; behavior
Source:
Journal of Direct Instruction
Volume:
5
Number:
1
Pages:
97-109
Design type:
Alternating treatment single study design
Fidelity monitored:
Yes
Students included:
Preschool students, general education students, African American students, at-risk students
Location/Setting:
Summer school, charter school, urban area

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