This study compared attitudes and beliefs of conventional teachers with teachers who worked at schools implementing Direct Instruction. A survey was designed to collect information about beliefs teachers held about the philosophy and practice of teaching. Four general findings were discussed: 1) DI teachers expressed more certainty in their beliefs about teaching practices than conventional teachers, 2) less than half of the DI teachers placed importance on topics that received the most support from conventional teachers, such as issues around student learning styles, 3) DI teachers favored teaching practices that were explicit and systematic, and 4) perceptions of DI teachers and conventional teachers differed with respect to variables that contribute to effective teaching, expectations for student performance, and value placed on research and training. (Copyright © 2011, National Institute for Direct Instruction (NIFDI). All rights reserved).