Folder Research

The research base for Direct Instruction is broad, spanning over 40 years. The National Institute for Direct Instruction maintains an Office of Research and Evaluation that compiles, expands and analyzes research on DI. Find research-related documents in this section, including NIFDI Technical Reports, the DI Bibliography, white papers and more.


Folder Bibliographies & Abstracts of Literature

NIFDI bibliographies and abstracts of the literature examine the use of DI with students of different ages and demographic characteristics, the results of specific research projects, and summaries of the research literature.

Folder Technical Reports

Each of the reports featured here are prepared and published by NIFDI's Research Department. Questions about the reports should be directed to admin@nifdi.org.

Folder White Papers

NIFDI white papers provide summaries of the literature related to Direct Instruction and analysis and commentary of contemporary issues in education.


pdf Whole School Reform Literature (Stockard, 2015) Popular

Whole School Reform Literature (Stockard, 2015)

This is a short analysis helpful for individuals interested in the whole school reform work. Dr. Jean Stockard, NIFDI’s former Director of Research, summarizes the body of evidence documenting the effectiveness of Direct Instruction as a whole school reform model based on the word done by Borman, Hewes, Overman, & Brown. Dr. Stockard also includes a table with preliminary results from the meta-analysis. 

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